Ankle sprains have a debilitating impact on the body, creating instability in the foot/ankle complex and affecting balance. If left untreated, this can further lead to cartilage degeneration, increasing the risk of post-traumatic ankle osteoarthritis.
Infection can lead to a progressive inflammation of bone tissue, or osteomyelitis, either through haematogenous or contiguous bacterial inoculation. This could affect either only a part of a single bone section or multiple sections involving the periosteum, cortex or marrow.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurologic disorder which is characterised by a gradual degeneration of the central nervous system and diffused inflammatory demyelination.
Severe haemophilia involves spontaneous bleeding within the musculoskeletal system and mucosal or cerebral hemorrhages at an early age. Hemophilic arthropathy is a long-term, debilitating consequence of repeated haemarthrosis in patients suffering from haemophilia.
Firefighters perform a number of duties in hazardous environments for the purpose of preserving public safety; exposure to various physical and chemical hazards increases the risk of occupational injury in the firefighting profession.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SIJD) is a common source of chronic low back pain which may be experienced by an individual while performing leaning-forward actions (such as lifting or bending) that move the centre of gravity anterior to the acetabular axis.
Compartment syndrome refers to an elevation in interstitial pressure within a closed osteofascial compartment that can ultimately result in irrevocable peripheral nerve and muscle ischemia.
Haglund’s syndrome refers to a posterosuperior calcaneal abnormality which is characterised by a bony prominence located anterior to the insertion of tendoachilles.
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is an umbrella term used to refer to more than 300 rare congenital disorders characterised by non-progressive joint contractures and a normal sensory system.
Parkinson’s disease refers to a complex neurodegenerative disease which is characterised by progressive gait impairments and postural disparities that significantly affect an individual’s quality of life.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) refers to a heterogenous group of inflammatory arthritis occurring in children which leads to increased production of synovial fluid and effusion into affected joints. This causes decreased muscle strength and compromises bone health.
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