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Piriformis Syndrome

Managing Piriformis Syndrome

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics October 16, 2018

Piriformis syndrome is caused by the entrapment or compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle at the infra-piriformis canal. This is commonly felt as sciatica which can intensify with certain triggering positions.

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Patellar Tendinopathy

Patellar Tendinopathy

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics September 30, 2018

Repetitive movements such as those found in basketball and volleyball involve the constant release and storage of energy from the patellar tendons without adequate rest. This can result in patellar tendinopathy.

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Injury Prevention In Gymnastics

Injury Prevention in Gymnastics

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics September 23, 2018

Gymnastics requires a combination of high skills and complex maneuvers coupled with long training hours – all of which can increase a gymnast's chances of developing injuries of the lower extremity.

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Stress Fractures in Leg Length Discrepancy

Stress Fractures in Leg Length Discrepancy

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics September 16, 2018

Stress fractures in the lower extremity result from excessive submaximal stress that is repeatedly placed on the region; this leads to accumulation of micro-damage in the region, disrupting bone homogeneity and causing fractures.

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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics September 09, 2018

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome refers to a multifactorial pathogenesis that leads to anterior knee pain, most often triggered by increased stress on the patellofemoral joint or cartilaginous lesions on the patella or distal femur.

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Foot Injuries In Rock Climbing

Foot Injuries In Rock Climbing

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics September 02, 2018

The presence of extreme forces and environmental hazards during rock climbing can make an individual susceptible to a number of injuries of the lower extremity. This is why it is essential to take preventative measures before undertaking competitive or recreational rock climbing.

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Tarsal Coalition

Tarsal Coalition

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics August 26, 2018

Tarsal coalition refers to the fusion of two or more tarsal bones as a result of the embryonic mesenchyme failing to segment and differentiate during development. This leads to abnormal tarsal joint formation.

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Calcaneovalgus Foot

Calcaneovalgus Foot

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics August 19, 2018

Talipes calcaneovalgus refers to a common paediatric foot deformity which stems from the intrauterine positioning of the child’s foot. The foot appears excessively dorsiflexed with the calcaneum in valgus and the dorsum of the foot making contact with the anterior aspect of the tibia.

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Plantar Fibromatosis

Plantar Fibromatosis

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics August 05, 2018

Plantar fibromatosis, also known as Ledderhose disease, refers to a benign fibrous proliferation that occurs in the plantar aponeurosis in the form of single or multiple nodules on the medial plantar surface of the foot.

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Treating The Metatarsus Adductus Foot

Treating The Metatarsus Adductus Foot

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics July 29, 2018

There are several factors that need to be considered in the treatment of a metatarsus foot. Treatment is necessitated due to alterations in gait that can lead to psychomotor disruption and consequently, increased incidences of falls.

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Sacral Stress Injuries

Sacral Stress Injuries

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics July 15, 2018

Sacral stress injuries refer to insufficiency fractures that occur due to repetitive stress in the sacrum, sacral alae and iliac wings. Conservative measures can be adopted following an early diagnosis. This can be in the form of physiotherapy and supportive devices for the foot for improved mobility.

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Syndactyly of the Foot

Syndactyly of the Foot

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics July 01, 2018

Unilateral or bilateral webbed toes are limb malformations that are commonly caused as a result of syndactyly of the foot. This is a congenital abnormality that can either be partial or complete, and symmetrical or asymmetrical.

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Hip Osteoarthritis

Hip Osteoarthritis: Causes and Treatment

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics June 24, 2018

A degenerative disease of the hip joint, osteoarthritis occurs when there is excessive load placed across the hip joint either due to the prevalence of developmental disorders or biomechanical disturbances.

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Calcaneal Apophysitis

Calcaneal Apophysitis

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics June 10, 2018

A common paediatric foot condition called Calcaneal apophysitis, or Sever’s disease, has a clinical presentation that includes posterior heel pain on medial and lateral compression with the prevalence of mild swelling in some cases.

 

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The Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies

The Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics June 03, 2018

The Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies (LGMD) refer to a group of heterogenous autosomal muscular diseases. These are characterised by progressive deterioration of proximal limb muscles and subsequently, myalgia and weakness in the hip girdle, thighs, shoulder girdle and proximal arms.

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Lisfranc Injuries

Lisfranc Injuries

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics May 27, 2018

Lisfranc injuries range from ligamentous sprains to fracture dislocations of some or all the tarsometatarsal joints. This spectrum of rare injuries involves the tarsometatarsal joint complex of the midfoot. 

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Congenital Foot Abnormalities

Congenital Foot Abnormalities

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics May 06, 2018

It is necessary to treat congenital foot abnormalities, or foot disorders that are present at the time of birth, to prevent these from becoming far more serious conditions later on in life.

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Acute and Recurrent Ankle Sprains

Acute and Recurrent Ankle Sprains

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics April 29, 2018

Ankle sprains have a debilitating impact on the body, creating instability in the foot/ankle complex and affecting balance. If left untreated, this can further lead to cartilage degeneration, increasing the risk of post-traumatic ankle osteoarthritis.

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Lower Limb Injuries in Yoga

Lower Limb Injuries in Yoga

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics April 22, 2018

The numerous health benefits associated with the practice of yoga has made it increasingly popular among individuals seeking to improve balance, posture and flexibility. However, just like any other form of exercise, there exists a possibility of injury.  

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A Closer Look At Osteomyelitis

A Closer Look At Osteomyelitis

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics April 15, 2018

Infection can lead to a progressive inflammation of bone tissue, or osteomyelitis, either through haematogenous or contiguous bacterial inoculation. This could affect either only a part of a single bone section or multiple sections involving the periosteum, cortex or marrow. 

 

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