Severe haemophilia involves spontaneous bleeding within the musculoskeletal system and mucosal or cerebral hemorrhages at an early age. Hemophilic arthropathy is a long-term, debilitating consequence of repeated haemarthrosis in patients suffering from haemophilia.
Pathomechanical changes to rearfoot kinematics, resulting from structural or functional deformities of the foot, can cause considerable alterations in ambulation due to irregularities in biomechanical coordination.
Parkinson’s disease refers to a complex neurodegenerative disease which is characterised by progressive gait impairments and postural disparities that significantly affect an individual’s quality of life.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) refers to a heterogenous group of inflammatory arthritis occurring in children which leads to increased production of synovial fluid and effusion into affected joints. This causes decreased muscle strength and compromises bone health.
One of the most common debilitating complaints, low back pain can result in significant limitations in movement, work absence and increase in health care costs.
Cerebral palsy refers to a group of permanent disorders occurring in the early stages of development which affect, in part, movement and posture.
A cavus foot deformity refers to an abnormally elevated medial arch which is marked by a varus hindfoot, high calcaneal pitch, high-pitched midfoot and a plantar flexed-adducted forefoot.
Neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with Down syndrome include ligamentous laxity, muscle hypotonia, lack of postural stability and joint hypermobility; all of which create secondary functional problems in the lower extremity that lead to deviations in gait.
The efficacy of an orthotic device in management and treatment strategies of lower extremity pathologies depends on its ability to improve the overall functionality of the foot without compromising on comfort and fit.
Chondromalacia Patellae refers to a condition that involves the softening and fissuring of the hyaline cartilage that underlies the patella.
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