Adolescence represents an important period of growth in terms of structural and postural developments as the body undergoes significant transformations to mark the beginning of the transition to adulthood.
Analysing postural disparities among adolescents involves setting well-defined standards of structural changes which can also be utilised to gain a better understanding of alterations in body dimensions that occur during the course of growth.
This would include identifying risk factors that could potentially increase a child’s predisposition to postural defects such as stunted physical or motor abilities, back pain or severe spinal deformities.
A comprehensive study conducted by Latalski et al. aimed to determine these risk factors in 380 adolescents from schools in eastern Poland and the Czech Republic.
The authors prepared a survey based on a self-designed auditory questionnaire to evaluate demographic and social data, as well as information regarding habits and ways of spending leisure time by the child.
Obesity-related modifications to lifestyle such as a reduction in physical activity or an inability to cope in sports lead to a decrease in overall fitness levels which can result in the development of postural irregularities in an older child.
This was further proved in a study by Maciałczyk-Paprocka et al. that involved postural assessment of 2732 children and adolescents (aged 3-18) and showed a higher prevalence of postural defects in obese children than those with normal body mass and overweight children.
The most frequently observed postural errors in this population were valgus knees and flat feet; the latter is attributed to excessive joint laxity and obesity which increase tensile strength.
The knee axis undergoes changes during growth; obesity increases the loading of distal femoral and proximal tibial growth cartilages resulting in a higher prevalence of the valgus knee.
Marta Motow-Czyz, from the Institute of Physical Education and Tourism at Jan Dlugosz University in Poland, lists the many benefits of physical exercise as stabilisation of joints, strengthening of tendon and ligament attachment, increase in volume of muscle fibres and enhanced muscle strength.
All these are necessary for the prevention of postural inefficiencies and must be integrated into the education system of older children in an effort to promote healthy lifestyles and the development of optimal body proportions.
In addition to this, habitual patterns of adolescents such as standing stance while using a smartphone or sitting posture while watching television for long hours need to be addressed to inculcate positive behaviour that would not hinder normal structural growth.
MASS4D® customised foot orthotics can be implemented as a prophylactic measure to protect the adolescent from functional disorders resulting from biomechanical complications such as a hyperpronated foot that could ultimately affect the overall posture of the child.
This can be determined only through an extensive gait analysis to spot any biomechanical discrepancy and to identify the source from where it originates; this would enable the clinician to gain as much information about the abnormality as possible and to accordingly recommend suitable forms of treatment for the child.
Copyright 2017 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® is owned and operated by Scheibye General Trading LLC - Licence no: 853463
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.