a 96% satisfaction rate for sore feet worldwide - express delivery

MASS4D® as an Assistive Device for Parkinson’s Disease

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics October 04, 2017

MASS4D® Insoles for Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson’s disease refers to a complex neurodegenerative disease which is characterised by progressive gait impairments and postural disparities that significantly affect an individual’s quality of life.

The secondary complications associated with the disorder require treatment strategies that are multidisciplinary in nature with the inclusion of multiple functional orthoses that are designed to provide the patient with a greater degree of mobility and independence.

Nemanich et al. explored the gait patterns of 78 individuals with Parkinson’s disease to better understand its relationship to falls which occur in roughly 40-70 percent of individuals with the disorder.

For this purpose, the authors studied gait speed of the recruited patients and distinguished between self-selected gait speed and fast-as-possible gait speed; the authors aimed to find out if a third gait speed (the difference between the two) could be a better discriminator between fallers and non-fallers.

Offer your Patients a Custom Calibrated Insole with a 98% Patient Satisfaction Rate     know more

While all three gait speeds were found to be strongly related to falling in people with Parkinson’s disease, the male population was observed to increase their gait speed from self-selected to fast-as-possible more than women.

Based on these findings, the study concluded that gait speeds can be considered as reliable predictors or identifiers of falls, with the difference between self-selected and fast-as-possible gait speeds serving as a more informative measure in men than in women.

This necessitates the use of gait speed for screenings in preventative care programmes to predict future falls in patients with the disease and to prevent the devastating consequences of such an impact on the individual.

Among the different therapies recommended, Cruickshank et al. found that strength training was useful for improving muscle strength in patients with mild-to-moderate disability, leading to a favourable effect on multiple aspects of mobility in Parkinson’s disease.

Rehabilitative strategies need to focus on improving muscular strength and addressing postural disparities in order to prevent limitations in mobility and to help the patient remain ambulatory for as long as possible.

MASS4D® foot orthotics can be used to augment treatment efforts by providing the correct balance of a resistant force to allow optimal muscle function throughout the functional range of motion and promote healthy gait patterns in the patient.

Copyright 2017 MASS4D® All rights reserved. 

Offer your Patients a Custom Calibrated Insole with a 98% Patient Satisfaction Rate     know more

Related Links

What To Look For In Gait Analysis
Prevention and Assessment of Fall Risks in the Elderly
Rehabilitation as an Integrated Approach


  1. Cruickshank, T. M., Reyes, A. R., Ziman, M. R. (2015) A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Strength Training in Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis Or Parkinson Disease. Medicine (Baltimore): January 2015, Vol. 94, No. 4, e411. DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000411
  2. Nemanich, S. T., Duncan, R. P., Dibble, L. E., Cavanaugh, J. T., Ellis, T. D., Ford, M. P., Foreman, K. B., Earhart, G. M. (2013) Predictors of Gait Speeds and the Relationship of Gait Speeds to Falls in Men and Women with Parkinson Disease. Parkinson’s Disease: June 2013, Vol. 2013. DOI:  10.1155/2013/141720

Also in Clinicians Blog

Pilates For Posture
Pilates for Posture Improvement

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics November 11, 2018

The emphasis of pilates on core strengthening and improvement of posture makes it a good addition to treatment and rehabilitative strategies, especially those that are designed to minimise postural disparities.

Read More

Posterior Ankle Impingement Syndrome
Posterior Ankle Impingement Syndrome

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics November 04, 2018

Repetitive plantarflexion can lead to pain and mechanical limitation in the posterior ankle joint which is known as posterior ankle impingement syndrome. This pathology commonly occurs in ballet dancers and football players. 

Read More

Os Peroneum Syndrome
Treating Os Peroneum Syndrome

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics October 29, 2018

Clinical diagnosis of os peroneum syndrome should involve physical examination that can help reveal swelling over the cuboid with pain felt during palpation. The patient will feel this pain intensify during plantar flexion, and during the heel elevation stage of the gait process.

Read More