The aims of this review were to assess the evidence for how footwear interventions can influence static and dynamic balance performance and gait in older people and to explore proposed theories for the underlying sensorimotor and mechanical mechanisms by which such changes may occur.
Papers reviewed in this article were grouped into one of three categories according to balance task: 1) static balance performance during quiet standing, 2) dynamic balance performance during walking, and 3) dynamic balance performance during perturbed standing or functional tasks.
Four studies investigated the effects of textured shoe insoles on double-limb standing under various visual conditions.
Two articles explored the effects of vibrating shoe insoles on double-limb standing balance in healthy older adults and elderly fallers.
Nine articles investigated the effects of footwear interventions, including custom foot orthoses, arch supports, and vibrating, balance-enhancing, and textured shoe insoles, on dynamic balance performance during walking in older adults.
Three articles explored the effects of custom-made foot orthoses on level-ground walking in older populations with musculoskeletal conditions, including osteoporosis, older fallers, and healthy older people.
Two studies investigated the immediate effects of vibrating shoe insoles on gait in healthy older people and older fallers.
Four articles investigated the effects of using balance-enhancing and textured insoles to increase sensory afferent feedback via enhanced tactile stimulation of plantar cutaneous mechanoreceptors on gait performance.
Three articles investigated the effects of custom foot orthoses or arch supports on dynamic balance performance during perturbed standing or functional tasks in older women with osteoporosis, older fallers, and healthy older people.
This review demonstrated that vibrating and textured insoles seem to have good immediate benefits for balance and gait, particularly vibrotactile interventions. Balance-enhancing insoles show beneficial long-term effects on gait.
Custom foot orthoses seem to be beneficial to immediate and long-term balance performance and gait.
Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® is owned and operated by Scheibye General Trading LLC - Licence no: 853463
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.