The aim of this study was the analysis of selected features of the foot structure in boys with Down Syndrome (DS) versus their age- and gender-matched peers without the condition.
The study included 30 boys with DS attending the Special Purpose School and Education Center in Mrowla, the Special Purpose School and Education Center in Ropczyce and UNICEF Special Schools Complex in Rzeszow (Poland).
In addition to an exact foot print, the authors obtained information about the foot arching.
The study entailed measuring of the plantar feet surfaces in a relaxed stance, with the upper limbs hanging along the body. Each time, both feet were subjected to examination.
The following parameters were measured – foot length, foot width, Clarke’s angle, the Wejsflog (W) index, hallux valgus angle and the angle of the varus deformity of the fifth toe.
Anthropometric measurements of the body mass and height were taken.
The research for this study showed that the feet of boys with DS are shorter and narrower compared to their healthy peers.
There was a clear flattening of the dynamic foot arch.
Also, in terms of the transverse arch, determined based on the ratio between the length and width of the foot, the boys with DS achieved worse results.
The cause of the reduction of longitudinal and transverse arch rates may be abnormal function of the muscles and ligaments and excessive bodyweight.
Based on the findings, the authors also concluded that hallux valgus angle is not the most important feature differentiating the shape of the foot in the boys with DS and their healthy peers.
It is worth noting that, in terms of the V toe setting, boys in the control group had poorer results.
Specialised therapeutic treatment in children and adolescents with DS should primarily involve exercises to increase the muscle strength around the foot joints, enhancing the stabilisation in the joints and proprioception, as well as introducing orthotics and proper footwear.
Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.