This study aimed to categorise self-reported foot complaints in people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and foot symptoms.
The authors developed, tested and validated a self-reported questionnaire to identify, from a patient’s perspective, the nature and extent of complaints affecting the feet in SLE.
The questionnaire was posted to 406 people with SLE attending adult rheumatology clinics across three district health boards in Auckland, New Zealand.
The three possible independent groups of foot pain, skin disorders and vascular insufficiency were found to sufficiently describe the heterogeneous variation in foot symptoms reported.
Factor analysis for the foot pain category demonstrated a high positive loading for the inter-correlation of foot pain in the past month, current foot pain, intermittent claudication, numbness, loss of balance, swelling, foot joint pain, arch pain and tendon pain.
Skin disorders demonstrated a very high positive loading for three factors: skin rash, blistering skin rash and foot ulceration.
Neurological complaints (numbness and balance issues) also correlated strongly with other aspects of foot pain.
Vascular disease is a common finding in SLE and peripheral vascular disease in SLE is not always associated with the traditional risk factors, which further complicates categorisation.
In vascular insufficiency a high positive loading was noted for cold feet, chilblains and Raynaud’s phenomenon.
The relationships between heterogeneous foot complaints reported by the authors further supports the previously identified need for a targeted multidisciplinary (MDT) approach to the care of many patients with SLE.
This study was one of the first to consider categorisation of foot complaints in SLE.
Copyright 2017 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.