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What is Foot Pain?

by MASS4D® Insoles

Foot pain is something all of us experience at least once in a while. With so many functions performed by our feet, it is no surprise that foot problems are common among people.

This can partly be considered a result of poor foot care habits; foot health is given less importance in our everyday lives, with more attention being paid to diet and fitness rather than the state of our feet.

Foot pain can change your whole life, making it difficult for you to perform even basic functions such as standing or walking. This is the reason why treating and preventing foot pain is important.

One way of achieving this is locating the exact area of pain which can then, help in narrowing down the causes. There are three regions in the foot that commonly become painful over time: the heel, the arch and the toes.

Foot Pain
Foot pain is often felt in three areas – heel, arch and toes. 

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1. Heel pain

Pain in the heel can range from mild to severe. You might find it difficult to put any weight on the back of your foot, because doing so, only makes the pain worse.

There are many causes of heel pain, but the two most common ones are plantar fasciitis and heel spurs.

Plantar fasciitis results from repeated stress to the plantar fascia ligament; this ligament is responsible for supporting the foot arch so it is able to perform functions that help protect the foot from injury.

If the foot arch is weak and collapses, there is excess stress placed on the ligament which damages it over time; this is when you start experiencing pain in your heel and arch.

With repeated strain placed on the heel, there is a possibility of a heel spur or a bone-like growth forming under the heel bone. This is, again, related to flat arches that strain the same ligament and create an inward pull at the heel bone.

Once formed, a heel spur causes pain in the heel that can range from mild to severe. For this reason, it is highly advisable not to ignore any kind of heel pain for too long, as it may be an early symptom of the condition.

You’ll have a hard time playing any type of sports or exercise, with your heel pain intensifying during such activities.

Heel Pain

Pain and swelling in the heel region can also happen if you have arthritis that slowly weakens your joints.

In such cases, it is common to experience tenderness, swelling and stiffness in the joints of the foot including the heel.

You could also have pain at the back of your heel due to an inflamed Achilles tendon – this is the heel cord that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone.

Since this tendon is used the most while walking, running and performing other physical activities, it is possible for damage to occur over time. In other cases, there may be tears in the tendon that eventually cause pain and swelling.

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2. Arch pain

Your foot arch runs from the heel to the forefoot and should ideally be curved. Its primary function is to support the weight of your body during activities such as standing, walking, running or jumping.

Arch pain can occur on its own, or along with pain in any other area of the foot. Like heel pain, there can be many reasons for having painful arches.

If a person has flat feet, the feet may not be able to absorb these shock forces properly. For example, with flat feet, the plantar fascia ligament, which is responsible for stabilising the foot arch, stretches excessively.

This causes the arch to flatten completely or almost completely onto the ground, which leads to improper distribution of weight in the feet. As a result, the feet are not able to absorb shock forces from the ground properly, which may cause pain along the bottom of the foot.

When the plantar fascia ligament is damaged, you can experience pain in your heel as well as your foot arch; this is often while taking the first few steps out of bed in the morning or after having rested for a while. Such damage often worsens if you wear uncomfortable footwear, such as tight or narrow shoes, especially while standing long hours or performing activities that repeatedly stress the foot.

Plantar Fasciitis

When people spend too much time on their feet especially on hard flooring made from tile, concrete or wood, there is increased pressure placed on both feet. This can become worse if the person has a flatfoot posture which eventually leads to pain in the arch.

If you’re actively involved in long-distance running which repeatedly puts pressure on the heel, you may start feeling pain in your heel and arch over a period of time especially if you have weak foot posture.

Stress fractures in athletes occur as a combination of stress, a short recovery period and poor form. If such fractures happen in one of the bones near the heel bone, it is possible to feel pain that radiates in the arch.

Conditions like arthritis result in weakening of foot joints over time causing problems such as fallen arches. This leads to unhealthy movement of the feet which can further contribute to pain in the arch.

Arches that are unusually high can also become painful either because of the extra pressure placed on the plantar fascia ligament during movement, or an unequal distribution of weight in the arch.

3. Toe pain 

It is common to hear people complain of toe pain after a long walk or run. Sometimes, you might feel a sharp or shooting pain in the toes before or after exercising.

While there are different types of toe pain, it could help to learn about a few conditions and injuries that cause pain in this region.

Bunions are bony bumps that develop on the inside of the foot at the big toe joint. These are formed when your big toe constantly pushes against the second toe during movement.

In the early stages, your big toe joint may be painful, gradually becoming warm and swollen as the condition worsens.

This condition is quite common among women who are fond of wearing tight-fitting or high-heeled shoes; these types of shoes force the foot into an unnatural position, restricting movement of the toes.

Toe pain can also result from a turf toe injury; this happens when your big toe joint bends beyond its normal range of motion, damaging supporting ligaments. In some cases, the big toe may appear swollen and tender to touch.

Turf Toe

The big toe plays an important part in the push-off phase (when the foot lifts from the ground) of walking or running. With a weak foot posture, such as flat feet, there is more stress on the big toe joint which may increase the risk and ill effects of turf toe injuries.

The risk of such injury is highest among football players with foot posture problems such as flat feet who play on artificial surfaces.

Morton’s neuroma is a condition that typically affects the nerves between the third and fourth toes, causing a sharp or burning pain, often described by patients as ‘walking on a pebble’.

The reason for this pain is the swelling or thickening of a nerve tissue between the bones in the ball of the foot. With this type of swelling, you may find it difficult to continue walking without limping from the pain.

If left untreated for a long time, this condition causes the toes to spread apart, making it even more difficult for you to walk or stand without pain in your feet.

MASS4D® Insoles can help foot pain 

Any kind of foot pain must be looked into by a foot specialist first; this will help in determining the exact cause of the pain and the best way of treating it.

Rest is often necessary to avoid putting any pressure on the feet as this could only make the pain worse. This means staying away from physically intense activities during treatment.

Swelling in the feet can be brought down by applying an ice pack 10-15 minutes every hour. This can also provide temporary relief from foot pain.

MASS4D® Insoles make a good addition to treatment programmes for foot pain; foot insoles are designed to reduce excess weight in the painful region.

Sturdy Orthotic Arch

Moreover, if you have foot posture problems such as flat arches, these insoles will help in enhancing the strength of your arches to prevent unhealthy foot movement.

These will also help in promoting an even distribution of pressure across the bottom of the foot, necessary for recovering from foot pain and for preventing foot problems later on.

With MASS4D® Insoles, you’ll find yourself walking more confidently without foot pain to slow you down. Whether it’s going on a long walk in the park or jogging by the beach, stay longer on your feet and let them take you wherever you want.

Order your pair of MASS4D® Insoles today and feel the difference yourself.

Foot Pain Relief, Injury Prevention, Better Posture and Sports Performance in One Insole     buy now

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