A torn meniscus is felt as pain in the knee, which worsens when you try to twist or rotate your knee. Common symptoms of meniscus tear include:
The meniscus is a cartilage located between the shin bone and thigh bone, helping to cushion and stabilise the knee joint.
Sudden twists of the knee may lead to a meniscus tear, even when your foot is on the ground. This is the reason why meniscus tears are common among athletes engaged in sports that require quick movements, such as football, rugby, or basketball.
When you have a flatfoot posture, your chances of injuring your meniscus increase. A flatfoot will affect the foot alignment, which then affects the functionality of ligaments, tendons, and muscles in the knee, as well as the whole body.
To arrive at a proper diagnosis, your doctor will ask you about past injuries and conduct orthopaedic tests on your knee to identify the meniscus tear. X-rays may be used to rule out fracture. MRI and CT scans are commonly taken for imaging in order to diagnose the tear.
Treatment for torn meniscus depends on the nature of the tear, i.e. partial or complete. Generally speaking, treatment begins with complete rest of the injured knee, use of a cold pack to reduce any swelling in the region, and maintaining the knee in an elevated position.
A well-rounded rehabilitation programme would include strengthening exercises for the muscles in the knee and using foot insoles such as MASS4D® to support the foot in its optimal posture.
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Pilates refers to a series of exercises that target the core – the abdomen, obliques, lower back, inner and outer thigh, and so on. The movements involved in pilates also help to improve flexibility and posture while promoting core stability.