a 96% satisfaction rate for sore feet worldwide - express delivery

The Effects of Smoking on the Lower Body

by MASS4D® Insoles

Effects of Smoking on Lower Body

The consumption of tobacco poses many health risks and according to the World Health Organization, it is the cause of 7 million deaths every year.

A number of irreversible health conditions may also be caused by the large-scale use of tobacco, as it has the potential to affect one’s quality of life and increase health care costs.

Smoking-Related Complications

Cigarette smoke can have negative effects on the muscular and skeletal system. The effects of smoking on the lower body should be considered as it increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and peripheral vascular disease.

A 2013 study in the Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal highlights the fact that smoking plays a major role in the development of bone loss across the skeletal system. The loss of bone mineral content may increase the risk of fractures in smokers as nicotine can affect bone metabolism.

The risk of fractures can also be associated with the wide-spread effects of smoking on vascular health, oxygen supply, muscle strength and overall muscle performance. The negative effects of smoking may affect balance in individuals, thereby increasing the risk of fall injuries.

A 2015 study in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine established that smoking contributed to reduced muscle mass and strength. It outlined that smokers have weaker muscles which are less fatigue-resistant than those of non-smokers.

Foot Pain Relief, Injury Prevention, Better Posture and Sports Performance in One Insole     buy now

Breaking the Habit

Cutting down on smoking is strongly recommended by clinicians because of the numerous health improvements and reduced risk of problems. For example, the function of the lungs improves by approximately 5% within months of quitting.

A detailed examination of the walking stride of the individual is important during diagnosis, especially in chronic smokers. This is because the risk of fall and lower body injuries may increase as a result of foot posture problems.

For instance, with flat feet, there is more stress placed on the ankles, knees, hips, and the lower back. With weakened muscle strength, risk of injuries may increase. 

MASS4D® foot insoles are recommended as part of comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation plans. These help support the feet in the healthiest posture to reduce stress on the lower body caused by a poor foot posture.

MASS4D® insoles can be used in preventing the development of problems that affect the structure and function of the lower body.

Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved. 


**World Health Organization fact sheet – May 2017**

Reference: Degens, H., Gayan-Ramirez, G., van Hees, H. W. H. (2015) Smoking-induced Skeletal Muscle Dysfunction. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: March 2015, Vol. 191, No. 6, pp. 620-625

Reference: Abate, M., Vanni, D., Pantalone, A., Salini, V. (2013) Cigarette Smoking and Musculoskeletal Disorders. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal: 2013, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 63-69

Reference: Fagerström, K. (2002) The Epidemiology of Smoking. Drugs: February 2002, Suppl. 2, pp. 1-9

Also in Articles

Effects of Pregnancy on the Feet
How Pregnancy Changes Your Lower Body

by MASS4D® Insoles

Becoming a mother is the most natural thing in the world. While it is a source of great joy, your feet often changes during pregnancy and can result in foot and lower back pain. Learn about the connection and how MASS4D® insoles can help. 

Read More

Improve Posture with Pilates
3 Ways Your Posture Improves With Pilates

by MASS4D® Insoles

Pilates refers to a series of exercises that target the core – the abdomen, obliques, lower back, inner and outer thigh, and so on. The movements involved in pilates also help to improve flexibility and posture while promoting core stability.

Read More

Is There A Link Between Insoles And Back Pain?
Is There A Link Between Insoles And Back Pain?

by MASS4D® Insoles

It is common for people to mistakenly believe that insoles lead to increased pain in the lower back. On the contrary, insoles help to relieve any stress caused by foot posture problems on the back. When your feet move properly, you can expect to feel an improvement in your condition as well.

Read More