Compartment syndrome of the lower leg is a condition in which pressure within the shin muscles builds up and reaches painful levels. This causes numbness and swelling with the individual experiencing difficulty in moving the foot.
The increase in pressure can lead to decreased blood flow which limits oxygen from reaching the muscle cells and nerves in the affected region.
The condition mainly develops due to swelling within a compartment, limiting the ability of the supporting soft tissues to stretch efficiently. This leads to increased pressure on the muscles and nerves in the compartment, disrupting blood flow in the process.
Acute compartment syndrome often requires immediate medical attention. It can be caused by severe injuries such as fractures, bruised muscles or crush injuries. Without proper treatment, the condition may cause irreversible damage to the muscles. If the pressure is not relieved quickly, the risk of permanent disability may increase.
Chronic compartment syndrome is typically not considered a medical emergency and may be caused by physically intense activities such as sprinting or cycling. It commonly occurs in the calf/shin, but can also happen in the hips and feet.
The risk of chronic compartment syndrome and associated problems may increase with foot postural abnormalities such as a flatfoot condition.
With a flatfoot posture, the foot arch flattens against the ground, causing an inward twist of the shin bone; this produces excessive stress on the tissues surrounding the shinbone.
When combined with repetitive movements in exercises and sports activities, this additional stress may increase the risk of compartment syndrome.
While acute compartment syndrome often requires surgery, chronic compartment syndrome, in most cases, can be treated without surgery.
During examination, the health care professional will firstly check for other conditions in the lower leg that could be affecting the shin. X-rays may be required to check for stress fractures in the shinbone. Finally, pressure testing of the compartment – performed before and after exercise – can confirm whether the patient has chronic compartment syndrome.
Physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications and foot insoles are often prescribed to relieve symptoms of chronic compartment syndrome and support healthy leg movements. MASS4D® insoles can be used as part of a comprehensive rehab programme.
MASS4D® insoles support the feet in their corrected posture to help reduce the excessive stress on the shinbone caused by flat feet. By helping restore healthy foot function and movement, MASS4D® reduces postural misalignment in the lower leg. This allows the muscles in the compartment to heal quickly and properly.
Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Reference: Compartment Syndrome. (2009, October). Retrieved from http://www.orthoinfo.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00204
Reference: Compartment Syndrome. (2016, September). Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/compartment-syndrome/Pages/Introduction.aspx
Reference: Compartment Syndrome. (2016, October). Retrieved from https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/compartment-syndrome
People often wonder if there’s a cure for flat feet. While it is tempting to seek out a permanent solution for the condition, it helps to know which treatment is the most effective in getting results.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.